So You Want to be a Doctor? Part I: High School

So you want to be a doctorWritten by guest writer, Testmasters teacher, Rice University student, and future physician: Carmella D.

So you want to be a doctor?  As a high school student (and if you’re like me, much earlier than that), you probably have an inkling that you want to get involved in the healthcare field in some capacity.  For most people, this involves aspirations of becoming a physician.  Whether you come from a long line of physicians or are a first-generation student to attend university, here’s some questions and answers about the steps of that journey:

High School

So I’m just a little high schooler, is it too early for me to be worrying about the journey to medical school already?

Some aspects of this question may hold true—you certainly shouldn’t be killing yourself over MCAT prep and picking medical schools quite yet (take a breath, these are coming later).  But there are some aspects of the journey that you can start thinking about: high school coursework, standardized test preparation, extra-curriculars, picking universities and programs, and getting involved in the medical field.

What kind of classes should I be taking if I want to be a pre-med in university?

As will be repeated when we talk about picking a major in college, there isn’t a definitive correct answer for the exact course schedule that you should be taking, however depending on your interests and the requirements for the university programs you’re interested in applying to, there may be certain courses that will be better to take. For example, if you are interested in the natural sciences, as many students interested in medicine are, it might be best to take a course like AP Biology or Chemistry.  Universities will want to see that you pushed yourself and worked hard in high school, especially if you are planning on attending prestigious schools or early action programs. Consider Honors and AP/IB classes, especially if your desired university offers college credit for passing these exams.  Some universities also require courses in foreign language and the fine arts.  The fine arts, particularly music and theatre, can also open excellent opportunities for extra-curricular activities.  Getting involved in a balance of hard science, social science, and humanities coursework shows that you are a well-rounded student that can achieve success in most subjects.  In order to do well, it is important to pick subjects with material that engages and interests you.

taking standardized testsHow well do I need to score on my standardized tests and when should I prepare?

As a student interested in medicine, you might be looking into schools and programs that expect a high-caliber student. This level of elite student is represented by many things, one of which being scores on standardized tests like the SAT, ACT, SAT Subject Tests, and AP exams. Benchmark scores will depend on the universities you are applying to, but for prestigious universities like the Ivy League schools and schools like Rice, Notre Dame, University of Chicago, Stanford, etc., their programs will expect the top percentile of students.  In order to achieve the scores you need, it is best to start prepping sooner rather than later—so when is that?

For college admissions:

  • I want to compete to be a National Merit Semifinalist!

These designations are given after students complete the PSAT/NMSQT in 11th grade.  National Merit Semifinalists represent the top .05% of scores in their state.  In order to achieve this elite status, it is best to start studying for the SAT/PSAT starting the summer before your 10th grade year.

  • I want to apply to an Early Decision/Early Action program!

ED and EA programs ensure that the students will attend the schools and have a place in the matriculating class earlier than other students.  These are reserved for your absolute top choice, as acceptance is usually binding.  Their deadlines are typically mid-December of your 12th grade year, so standardized tests are best completed in the spring semester of your 11th grade year.  In order to be prepared, it is best to start studying for the SAT/ACT starting in the summer before your 11th grade year.

  • I’m applying Regular Decision, but I still want to achieve a high score!

Similar to ED/EA programs, many Regular Decision candidates take the SAT in the spring semester or June of their 11th grade year.  The absolute latest these candidates should take the ACT or SAT is the beginning of their 12th grade year, so prep is best started the summer before 11th grade year or during that fall semester.

For content-specific tests (SAT Subject and AP):

  • Certain colleges sometimes require supplementary tests in order for an applicant to show mastery in a certain topic area. For pre-med students, these are often in the hard sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Physics).  These content-specific tests should be taken when the material is fresh, so preparation for the test should occur immediately after the corresponding high school course is taken and the test soon after to maximize scoring.

For more information about test preparation available, visit testmasters.com or call (281)-276-7777

What kind of extra-curriculars should I be involved in?

Like your coursework, your extra-curriculars should show that you are a well-rounded individual with specific passions.  You don’t have to be that kid that’s president of a billion different organizations so long as you find things that you really want to be a part of and that you feel you can be deeply involved in.  Showcasing leadership skills, innovation, and loyalty to an organization are things programs are looking for.  If you like science and math, things like Science Olympiad, Math Team, or Quiz Bowl might be up your alley.  If you like music and theatre, find leadership positions in your band, choir, or theatre program.  Many universities also like to see a dedication to service and community, so it is well-advised to consider volunteering and giving back to your community.  Perhaps one of the most overlooked opportunities for involvement, however is paid work experience.  Job choices for high schoolers can sometimes be slim, but getting involved in paid work gives you skills and perspective that other activities can’t—like interpersonal skills and communication—with a paycheck to boot!

How on earth do I begin picking a university or a pre-med program?

Some kids grow up with one dream school their entire life.  But if you’re more like me, you just know some parameters that you’re looking for in a school.  As a kid that grew up in rural Midwestern US, I was looking to get out of dodge.  Urban, medium school, prestige, good opportunities for pre-med and Spanish, and excellent financial aid.  That’s what I was looking for, so Rice was a perfect fit for me.  I would highly recommend doing your research—visit college matching websites, put in your specs and see what comes up.  Do some digging into combined undergraduate/medical school programs and see if they interest you (more on these later in the “College” section!).  Then visit the university’s website and see if there’s any way to talk to students there or contact admissions for an interview.  Don’t just apply to a university because you think it’s a good school—you’ll likely be spending four very important years of your life there, so make sure it’s the right fit.

I may only be in high school, but there’s got to be a way for me to get involved in medicine during my time here!

You would be more than right.  As a high schooler, your only option isn’t just as a patient.  From shadowing, to volunteering, to paid work, to research, there are many options to get involved in the field—and if you live in a large urban area or have family members in medicine, you have an edge on opportunities available.

You could have this much fun if you shadow a doctor.

You could have this much fun if you shadow a doctor.

Shadowing:  Shadowing involves being side-by-side with a physician as he or she attends to patients.  You act as the doctor’s “shadow,” seeing everything they see in a clinical setting without actually touching the patient.  This in an amazing opportunity to see what a doctor sees every day and witness effective patient-doctor interactions.  In order to get involved, you should contact doctors in your area and see if they have openings for a student to shadow them.  The best opportunities will be at small, private clinics.  Large private or public clinics will likely require lots of paperwork and training that your local doctor might not need.

Volunteering:  Volunteering can take many forms, both medically and non-medically related.  Depending on your interests, it may be wise to get involved in both spheres.  Medical opportunities can range from emergency room attendants to hospice or nursing home companionship.  Most volunteering comes either through third-party companies or through the hospitals, clinics, or nursing homes themselves, so do some research into these opportunities.  The nice thing about volunteering, also, is that you can typically do as little or as much as your schedule allows.

Paid Work:  As I mentioned, paid work is often overlooked but can sometimes provide an amazing opportunity to look into the underserved areas of medicine, a topic that many medical schools want students to have experience in.  For example, during high school it is relatively easy to take a course to receive licensing as a Certified Nursing Assistant.  After licensing, you can work in hospitals, clinics, or nursing homes dealing with actual patients on a collaborative healthcare team.  Without licensing, opportunities are still abundant and checking out the job postings on local clinics, nursing homes, hospice centers, and hospitals is an excellent first step.

Research:  As a high schooler, it may be difficult to find research opportunities specifically in medicine, but that doesn’t mean they don’t exist.  Talking to your high school teachers and counselors or getting in contact with medical facilities with research teams to see if there are any positions available shows immense initiative and can be a perfect fit for someone interested in the hard sciences aspect of medicine, perhaps even inspiring an interest in pursuing M.D./Ph.D. programs.  Even if you have to take a menial position in a research lab, staying with them (provided it be a project you find interesting and care about) means you can have upward mobility in the lab and provides excellent references to other research opportunities.

It seems like everyone I talk to is planning on pre-med—how do I make myself stand out from the crowd when applying to schools?

Maybe it’s just the Rice kid in me speaking, but your best friend in the application process is to be a little “unconventional.”  Talk fondly of the experiences you’ve had that make you unique, and if you’ve ever prevailed over adversity or are a minority student of some sort (race, gender, sexual orientation, low socioeconomic status, etc.) use those experiences to differentiate yourself and show how you’ve grown as an individual in your admissions essays.  Colleges will see your stats, scores, and extra-curriculars in a big, impersonal jumble of material on your applications—but it’s your personal essays that will really make you stand out.  If applying to a program that specifically deals with medicine (see Medical Scholars section below), talk about those specific experiences.  If a question prompt asks you about adversity or diversity, really hit on why you’re different from other people and what you contribute to a new matriculating class.  Perfect test scores aren’t enough anymore—they do get your foot in the door, but if you’re looking to apply to prestigious schools, it takes a little something special.

This sums up a pretty extensive list of what you can do to start your journey to medicine in high school, but the journey has only just begun…

Come back next week for the second installment, “So You Want to be a Doctor? Part II: College.”

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5 Important Tips for Writing a Scholarship Essay.

Those apprehensive about student loans or the cost of attending school might look towards scholarships to help ease that burden. Most, if not all, scholarships require an essay to apply, so today we’ll be giving you five tips to writing a better scholarship essay

Make sure your words fly off the page! Invest your passion into your writing, and your essay will improve dramatically!

Make sure your words fly off the page! Invest your passion into your writing, and your essay will improve dramatically!

 

  1. Write with passion: Scholarship essays are a dime a dozen, so don’t make the mistake of submitting uninspired writing. Speak on your passions, what you truly care about, and this will translate to good writing. Pour your soul, all that you are, onto the page, for that’s the most anyone can ask for. As long as that 12-point font captures who you are, you’ll have given it your best shot.
  2. Know your audience: Don’t necessarily pander to the scholarship committee’s tastes, but do keep in mind what this scholarship is for and why it is being offered. If the American Legion is offering a scholarship, you’ll likely want to focus on your dedication to community service. If a student-teacher scholarship is what you’re applying for, you’ll want to emphasize how you would make a great future educator. There is always an underlying theme for scholarships, so think to yourself, “Why did these individuals donate their hard earned money? What type of person do they want to support?”
  3. Cite specific experiences: Don’t simply write in vague platitudes — make sure to spice up your writing with specific, concrete experiences. If this is a merit-based scholarship, point to your accomplishments and elaborate on what you’re most proud of! If this is a need-based scholarship, explain the challenges you overcame, bringing the reader into the moment. We as humans love stories, so capture a slice of your life and embed it into your essay. There’s no easier way to rally readers to your cause than to present your story. Give them something of you to remember.
  4. Don't dwell on your challenges. Show how you faced them head on and overcame!

    Don’t dwell on your challenges. Show how you faced them head on and overcame!

    Don’t write a sob story: No one likes a pity party. No one likes someone who wallows in sadness. If you have faced obstacles in your life, express it, but don’t leave it at that! We love the underdog story, the tale of one who overcomes all odds, so make that the focus of your essay. Don’t dwell too long on the negative. Convey the obstacles you faced, but emphasize how you gathered the strength to proceed forward.

  5. Don’t rehash your resume: You’ll likely have to submit a resume or CV alongside your scholarship essay, so don’t waste space just listing out accomplishments. Point to a few notable ones, but use this room to really elaborate on why you’re proud of these accomplishments. Express what you’ve gained from those lines on your resume, and emphasize how much you’ve grown from the experience. Show why you bothered to list these bullet points and why you’ve invested so many hours of your life into these activities. Elaborate and expand. Don’t simply list.

 

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What Houston Schools Require the ISEE? What is the ISEE?

What is the ISEE?

The ISEE is a private school entrance exam for students entering middle and high school

The ISEE is a private school entrance exam for students entering middle and high school

The Independent School Entrance Exam, or ISEE, is a series of placement tests primarily used for admissions to private schools. The ISEE is geared towards students applying for the fifth grade and above, and there are three versions of the test: ISEE Lower Level, ISEE Mid Level, and ISEE Upper Level. The ISEE Lower Level is taken by students entering grades 5 and 6, Mid Level for those entering grades 7 and 8, and Upper Level for 9th grade and above. Most schools require the ISEE exam, though many will also accept scores from the High School Placement Test, or HSPT, in lieu of the ISEE.

Continue reading “What Houston Schools Require the ISEE? What is the ISEE?” »

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Best of the Blogs: Math II and You: What You Need to Know About the SAT Subject Test

Today we’ll be revisiting one of our most informative blog posts which dives into the minutae of the Math Level 1 and 2 exams. It was originally posted by James. Enjoy!

pythagorasIn light of the volume of questions we’ve received recently regarding the SAT II Math Subject tests, I’ve decided it’s time to sit down an churn out a blog article to answer a few common questions: Continue reading “Best of the Blogs: Math II and You: What You Need to Know About the SAT Subject Test” »

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Questions to Ask Your Interviewer

Today we'll tackle the hardest question you'll be asked: "Do you have any questions for me?"

Today we’ll tackle the hardest question you’ll be asked: “Do you have any questions for me?”

Many undergraduate institutions, especially competitive ones, offer optional interviews for admissions, and the most dreaded question that comes up is the one at the end: “Do you have any questions for me?” Today we’ll be discussing the purpose of this question and offer up some example questions you can ask if you have trouble coming up with one on the spot.

Why do Interviewers Ask This Question?

First and foremost, the reason interviewers ask “Do you have any questions for us” is so that you have an opportunity to clarify anything that may not have made sense during your campus tour or interview. Clear up anything that might’ve confused you (curriculum, extracurriculars, work-life balance, etc.), but try not to ask questions that could easily be found on the school’s website.

The second reason for this question is for the interviewer to determine how much interest  you have in the program/interviewer. Questions demonstrate interest and sincerity, so use this opportunity to show how in love you are with the program!

What Questions Should I Ask?

Take a look at some of the example questions below for ideas on what to ask your interviewer at the end!

  • “What do you like most about [School Name/Department]?”
  • “How did you choose to focus your research on [primary research topic]”
  • “Is there anything you wish you could change about [School/Department]”
  • “What challenges have you faced during your time as a professor?”
  • “What do you think the biggest change to this field will be?”
  • “What advice do you have for new students?”
  • “What do you think most new students should do, but don’t?”
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Common Interview Questions

Just like how you wouldn't go to an interview with formal wear, don't go in without reviewing these common questions!

Just like how you wouldn’t go to an interview with formal wear, don’t go in without reviewing these common questions!

Today we’ll be posting questions we commonly see on the interview trail. While most universities do not require interviews, many do offer optional ones, so take advantage of them if available! Take a look at these and make sure you have solid, complete answers to these questions. You don’t want to be blindsided by one of these during your interview, after all.

  • “Tell me about [extracurricular activity]”
  • “Tell me about a time when you had to overcome adversity”
  • “Tell me about a time when you had to work with a difficult group of people”
  • “What surprised you most about your time as an undergrad?”
  • “Why do you want to attend this university?”
  • “Tell me about yourself”
  • “How would your friends describe you?”
  • “What is your greatest strength?”
  • “Name some of your weaknesses”
  • “What did you enjoy most about your high school/hometown”
  • “What do you plan on doing with this major?”
  • “Tell me about a time you lead a group”
  • “Why should we choose you?”

This last question is perhaps the most important here. You want to make sure you have your “elevator pitch” down solid because you will almost certainly be asked this question. Be able to summarize your strengths and why a school should choose you in a concise manner. You want this pitch to convey your academic prowess as well as why you would be a good fit with the school.

Don’t forget that one of the best things you can do to impress your interviewers is achieve a really high score on the SAT or ACT!

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Does Undergrad Prestige Matter for Graduate School Admissions?

Not attending an Ivy League for undergra ddoesn't close the door on prestigious graduate programs!

Not attending an Ivy League for undergrad doesn’t close the door on prestigious graduate programs!

Today we’re featuring a post from our sister blog, It’s Not GRE-ek. As many of you are ramping up for undergraduate admissions, we wanted to put some perspective on how much “prestige” matters when going from an undergraduate degree to a graduate or professional degree.

We get this question fairly often: “I went to a relatively low-ranked school. Do I have a shot at attending an Ivy League graduate program?” The short answer to this is yes, you do have a shot! The full answer is a little bit more complicated than that, so read on for more information!

How Much Does Undergrad Prestige Actually Matter?

Graduating from a prestigious undergraduate institution will not in and of itself grant you admissions into an Ivy League or similarly top graduate institution. What it will do for you, however, is give you a leg up on similarly qualified applicants. If you graduate with a 3.9 GPA from Duke University, and your competitor graduated from Greendale Community College with a 3.9, you’re definitely going to have an advantage there. Admissions officers will view your application in its context; a somewhat lower (~0.2 points, roughly) GPA from a highly regarded institution will likely be viewed more favorably than a somewhat higher GPA from a less well-known institution. Similarly, a letter of recommendation from a well-known researcher in the field will hold more weight than a letter of recommendation from a researcher who hasn’t published as much.

Well, What Can I Do About This?

Plenty! Not graduating from a “top” undergrad school doesn’t mean you don’t have a shot! Plenty of students from relatively unknown schools matriculate in top graduate programs, but you really have to prove yourself to do so.

  • Publish, publish, publish: For STEM fields especially, publications are key to success in graduate programs. Even getting last author on a paper is impressive as an undergrad, as it shows that you’re capable of finding and completing research, which is essentially the entirety of academia nowadays
  • Find an advisor or professor who you can really get to know: You want a STRONG letter of recommendation going into your file, not a mediocre one. You want a professor who has known you for a while and who can speak to your strengths and character. This is usually only achieved through knowing an advisor for several years or by completing an intensive research project with him/her. Get working on that!
  • Maintain a high GPA: This is a no brainer, but you want to have as close to a 4.0 GPA as you can possibly manage. A 3.9 from an unknown school looks infinitely better than a 3.3 from a prestigious institution. You need to ensure that your GPA is high enough to hopefully counteract any bias the admissions council might have against your institution
  • Destroy the GRE: The GRE, as is all standardized tests, is the great equalizer in terms of admissions. It’s an objective standard by which all students are measured — no bias in terms of institution or curriculum here. Make sure to prepare well and absolutely dominate the exam so  you can show admissions officers how rigorous your curriculum was and how much you’ve learned!
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Best of the Blog: What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part I: Grades

This is the foliage of destiny.

In honor of the upcoming school year and as encouragement to do your best, we’re bringing back one of our favorite posts: What does it raelly take to get into an Ivy League school– Grades. This was originally posted by Calvin, and enjoy!

So, you want to go to an Ivy League college for undergrad? Great! The only problem is, so do lots of other kids. College admissions at the nation’s most elite schools are more competitive than ever. According to the respective colleges websites, for the class of 2015 Harvard had a 6.3% undergraduate acceptance rate, Yale 7.4%, Princeton 8.5%, Columbia 6.9%. So, if you’re an ivy hopeful, what do you need in order to make sure you’re in that top percent that gets selected? This new blog series, brought to you by College Compass and Test Masters, should be your definitive guide to getting that acceptance letter from your dream school. I myself navigated these treacherous waters successfully in 2007, when I was admitted to Columbia, so I should make an excellent Virgil to your wide-eyed Dante as we descend through the circles of…elite college admissions.

“Never fear, Dante. As long as your GPA is pure, they cannot harm you.”

This first post is dedicated to the number one item these colleges look at on your application: your grades. There’s no getting around it, grades are the most important determinant of college acceptance anywhere, but there are many caveats that universities’ admissions officers usually don’t tell you. When I was touring some of these Ivy League type universities during the summer between my junior and senior year of high school, there would always be someone at the info session who asked, “Do I/does my child need straight As in order to get into this school?” and the admissions officer would invariably give some nebulous response like, “We strongly prefer straight A students.”

So, if you don’t have straight As, are you done for? Not necessarily. During my time in high school, I received Bs in both semesters of pre-AP chemistry my sophomore year and in my first semester of AP Physics I, and I still got in. So it is possible to get a few Bs here and there and still get accepted to the Ivy League; however, some Bs are better than others. Notice that these Bs were in pre-AP and AP classes, and that the B in Physics the first semester went up to an A the second semester, showing improvement (I also managed to pull off a 5 on the AP Physics B exam, which I imagine helped “make up for” the B in the eyes of the admissions officers).

In general, you need to take as many AP (Advanced Placement) and/or IB (International Baccalaureate) classes as you can, depending on what program is offered at your school (my school offered both, so I did both AP and IB). These classes not only help you stand out from other applicants, they also are the classes that will best prepare you for the work load you will face when you actually get to Harvard or Stanford (actually, the classes there will probably be harder). If you don’t want to take all AP/IB classes, you might ask if you really want to go to one of these elite colleges in the first place, since you will essentially be signing up for four years of classes that are even harder than your high school ones.

Another way grades play into college admissions is class rank. At these info sessions I attended, another common question was “Do I/does my child need to be valedictorian in order to get into this school?” Again, admissions officers would often be evasive. The real answer is that it depends on what high school you go to. I graduated 40th in my class, out of about 800 seniors, putting me just at the top 5% of my class; however, I went to a very competitive public high school that sent many students to top colleges every year, so many of these schools knew my high school’s reputation, and knew that at my school the difference between valedictorian and 40th was only a tiny fraction of a GPA point. If you go to a high school where the top 10% regularly gets into the Ivy League, then you need to be in the top 10%. If you go to a high school where only the valedictorian gets in, then you need to be the valedictorian. If you’re not sure, ask seniors who have already been accepted where they are going to college and what their class rank was. Chances are if they got into a prestigious school, they’ll be happy to tell you. Alternatively, you can try asking your high school counselor, or if you have one, your high school college admissions counselor.

This is how champions are made.

Why are grades so important to these colleges? Why can’t you slack off in class, then make great scores on your SAT exam or AP exams or whatever in order to prove that you’re just as smart as that straight A kid? Because Ivy League schools aren’t just interested in kids who are smart. They want kids who are smart AND hard working, kids who are willing to jump through hoops and bend over backwards in order to be successful. You have to remember that the goal of these schools is to turn out as many successful (read as: rich/famous/renowned in their field) alumni as possible, because the more U.S. Presidents, Oscar winners, Nobel laureates, and Fortune 500 CEOs they turn out, the more publicity they get, the more grant money they get, the more donations they get, the more kids in the future will apply to their school, the more selective they can be, and round and round it goes. Being able to successfully play the GPA game is to them an indicator that you might be able to play all the various games that can lead to fame, riches, and prestige. And to do that, it’s not enough to just be smart. You have to work hard every day, turn in all your homework, participate in class, and study for every test.

Harvard Admissions Statistics, Yale Admissions Statistics, Princeton Admissions Statistics, Columbia Admissions Statistics

This post is part of a series. Other posts in this series include:

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part I: Grades

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part II: PSAT, SAT, and ACT

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part III: AP, IB, and SAT II Exams

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part IV: Extracurriculars

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part V: Essays

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part VI: Recommendations

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part VII: Application Strategy

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part VIII: Interviews

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part IX: Checklist

What does it really take to get into the Ivy League? Part X: Epilogue

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PSAT Semifinalists – How to Advance, What to Expect

PSAT Semifinalist cutoffs being announced soon, so we want to detail the path towards becoming a full-fledged National Merit Finalist, and what that means exactly. Let us know in the comments if you qualified as a Semifinalist!

How Many People Earn National Merit Semifinalist? How Many Will Become Finalists?

For the 16,000 of you who are now National Merit Semifinalists, congratulations!

For the 16,000 of you who are now National Merit Semifinalists, congratulations!

Across the country, a total of 16,000 students will qualify for National Merit Semifinalist status. As you likely know, students qualify on a per-state basis, with each individual state having its own cutoff score. Of the 16,000 students, 15,000 will ultimately become National Merit Finalists, so overall, your chances of becoming a Finalist are high!

Continue reading “PSAT Semifinalists – How to Advance, What to Expect” »

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What is Early Admissions? Does it Give Me an Advantage?

As the college admissions cycle is just about to fire up, we wanted to explain what exactly early admissions is and what it offers when compared to regular admissions.

What is Early Admissions?

Apply early, get a decision early!

Apply early, get a decision early!

Many schools, mostly private, offer an Early Admissions option where you can submit your application early and receive a notice of admissions early. This applies to private schools in particular because many public schools already begin releasing admissions decisions in late fall, while most private schools, especially Ivy League schools, release admissions decisions in the spring. By applying Early Admissions, you’ll usually submit your application by the beginning of November (check with your specific’s school’s deadlines), and you’ll usually receive a notification by early December, months before regular decision. This way you can be confident in where you’re attending and not have to stress all the way until April of the next year.

Continue reading “What is Early Admissions? Does it Give Me an Advantage?” »

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